He was baptised in Dallinghoo, Suffolk, England on 15 December 1740. His mother was given as Mary Light, though his father preferred to remain anonymous. He was taken in by a relative, the nobleman William Negus, and educated in elementary school with the Negus children: but was apprenticed early to a Naval Surgeon. It was initially thought that Light was illegitimate son of William Negus, but according to Noël Francis Light Purdon, the 6-times great-grandson of Francis Light, Negus was paid to look after him and be his guardian throughout his schooling. He served as a Royal Navy midshipman from 1759 to 1763, but went out to seek his fortune in the colonies. From 1765, he worked as a private country trader. For about ten years he had his headquarters in Salang, Thailand, near Phuket, reviving a failed French trading post. While living there he learned to speak and write several languages, including Malay and Siamese. In 1785, he warned the Thais on Phuket Island of an imminent Burmese attack. Light's warning enabled the islanders to prepare for Phuket's defence and subsequently repel the Burmese invasion. For the British East India Company, he leased the island of Penang from the Sultan of Kedah, where many others had failed, and was supposedly given the Princess of Kedah as a reward (other sources state that the Princess was sent to covet Light's aid on behalf of the Sultan). The multicultural colony of Penang became extraordinarily successful from its inception and Light served as the Superintendent of the colony until his death.
Light died from malaria on 21 October 1794 and was buried at the Protestant Cemetery on Northam Road (now Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah) in George Town. A statue which bears his name but has the facial features of his son William stands at Fort Cornwallis in George Town.
Light had four daughters and two sons with Martina Rozells, who was said to be of Portuguese and Siamese lineage. Martina is occasionally referred to in the literature as the Princess of Kedah, as above. If they were legally married, he did not declare it. However, it was against East India Company rules to marry a Catholic and, as Martina was Catholic, Light may have tried to avoid dismissal by never declaring his marriage. He did leave her his considerable property. Their son, Colonel William Light, was the founder of Adelaide in Australia.
Nota diatas aku cut and paste dari Wikipedia. Kalau baca betul, ada jugak fakta-fakta yang bole buat kita berfikir( bagi orang yang mahu berfikir)
Ni jalan masuk ke kawasan kuburKawasan ni dibawah jagaan pihak Majlis Perbandaran Pulau Pinang tapi kawan baru aku Louis Anthony(aku baru jumpa dia kat kawasan kubur ni) kata kawasan kubur ni tak dijaga dengan baik. Bole nampak ada sampah dan batu nesan penuh dengan lumut dan pokok-pokok kecil.
Nasib baik jugak bagi bab lumut ni sebab ada character sikit bila aku tengok batu nesan kat sini.
Batu nesan yang da tumbang
Ni kubur bekas governor Penang John Alexander Bannerman. Patut la aku tengor besar semacam je kunur dia
Satu-satunya kubur yang masih dilawati iaitu kubur Rev Sparke Hucthings- pengasas Penang Free School, seorang paderi penempatan disitu.
Bila aku ronda-ronda kawasan kubur ni, baru la aku nampak banyak sampah yang dibuang oleh drug addict yang mengunakan tempat ni untuk lalok dan berehat.
Ni kawan baru aku Louis Anthony yang da tinggal disebelah kubur(sebelah gereja) dari kecil lagi. Dia cerita masa dia muda-muda dulu, dia dan kawan-kawan selalu mabuk kat kawasan kubur ni, bila polis datang buat rondaan, dia akan duduk diam-diam macamana dia duduk sekarang. Bila polis ternampak ada lembaga, terkejuk beruk polis tu.
Masa aku jumpa dia ni, dia tengah mencari ular sawa. Ada banyak ular sawa kat sini, jawapannya kalau ada yang datang melawat lain kali, mata tu tengok-tengok la keliling takut kena baham dengan ular sawa plak nanti.
Dia cakap ular yang paling besar dia pernah tangkap sepanjang 15 kaki, kira besar jugak. Hari tu nasib tak baik walaupun puas aku dengan dia pusing-pusing cari ular, sekor pun tak nampak.
Ada lagi satu cerita dari dia ni, dolu-dolu ada 5 anggota polis ditugaskan menjaga/meronda dikawasan ni(3 polis lelaki dan 2 polis perempuan). Mungkin disebabkan tak tau apa nak buat dan kawasan ni memang line clear, sorang anggota pompuan sudah mengandung. Sekarang hanya anggota lelaki je yang dibenarkan meronda kawasan ni. Kalau main belakang pun tak mengeluarkan hasil
Ni dia kubur Captain Francis Light. Tak besar mana pun kubur dia, terselit diantara kubur-kubur lain.
Anthony beritahu yang mayat Francis Light telah dipindahkan dan yang masih tinggal hanyalah barang-barang seperti pedang, uniform dan 'perhiasan' beliau semasa ditanam.